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Symptoms and Types of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus most commonly known as diabetes is a chronic condition due to a collection of metabolic disorders in which the person has high blood glucose level. On account of this condition, the body is unable to produce or respond to the hormone insulin effectively. This affects the metabolism of carbohydrates and results in increased levels of glucose in the blood.
Glucose fuels the cells in the body. The cells need insulin hormone to use or store glucose for energy. Due to this condition, the body’s ability to use energy in the food is impaired therefore the glucose stays in the bloodstream resulting in increased blood glucose level.


Common symptoms of Diabetes
The major symptoms experienced by people suffering from diabetes are: Unexplained Weight lossPolyuria (Frequent urination)Polyphagia (Increased hunger)Polydipsia (Increased thirst)Blurry visionHeadachesFatigueNausea
Types of Diabetes
There are three major types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Gestational diabet…

COMMON GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

The Gastrointestinal System (GI) is made up of the gastrointestinal tract along with the accessory organs. The GI tract is a long hollow tube which extends from the oral cavity where food enters the body through the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and ends at the anus where the undigested food is expelled. Salivary glands, pancreas, and the liver are the accessory organs. They secrete enzymes which are essential for digestion. Gallbladder, which secretes bile, is also a part of the GI system.


The process of digestion starts when you eat or drink and ends with your body expelling undigested food. In between this process, the organs of the GI system work to break down the food and absorb the nutrients and expel the unwanted or undigested food from the body. This function is impaired in people with gastrointestinal disorders due to various causes which may result in loss of nutrients. Some of the common gastrointestinal problems are:
CONSTIPATION
Constipation i…

Living Well: How to take control of your heart

The heart is one of the most vital organs on the body which pumps out oxygen-rich blood to all parts of the body working 24*7. A heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump out blood like it usually does with blood and fluid getting accumulated in the lungs leading to congestive heart failure. Many parts of the body do not get enough oxygen-rich blood to work normally leading to symptoms of heart failure. If your heart symptoms suddenly get even worse it is best you seek emergency care.


Some of the symptoms that you may experience may be the following
• Fatigue, weakness or dizziness • Heart palpitations • Shortness of breath • Swollen legs and ankles • Sudden Weight gain
After a heart failure, it is pertinent that you take the necessary precautions that may not reoccur. Here are some tips that you can follow
• Make sure you make lifestyle changes first by adapting to a low sodium diet, have a proper exercise routine and quit smoking. • Make sure you maintain weight and mon…

Preventing Dengue this Monsoon Season

Monsoon in India is always a season to watch-out in the case of health and well-being. Both South-West Monsoon and North-East Monsoon brings rainfall to different parts of India. Few health complications arise in both of these monsoon seasons. One among them is Dengue fever. Dengue is caused when an infected aedes mosquito gets affected with Dengue virus and bites human. This causes infection and fever. Let us discuss about Causes and Prevention of Dengue below.
Causes A person suffering from Viral fever experiences Platelet count deficiency.  In the case of Dengue, the platelet count further drops down. Usual Platelet count ranges between 1.5 to 4 Lakh in a microliter of Blood. In a dengue affected person, the Platelet count drops below 20,000. Why is it that Dengue spreads only near the Monsoon season? This is quite understandable. Rainfall quenches heat in the environment and moisture levels increase. This enables free moving of dengue spreading mosquitoes. After rainfall water sta…

6 Tips to keep your kidneys healthy

Kidneys are said to be the body’s filter plants and they work in tandem with other organs everyday cleansing our bodies of toxins and wastes, helping in controlling the blood pressure and producing red blood cells to keep the bones healthy. Kidney related diseases are said to be the silent killers, which largely affect your quality of life. High blood pressure, diabetes and family history can put 1 in 3 Indians at increased risk of developing complications. Even if you do not fit in any of the risk categories, it is extremely important to take care of the critically important organs which are responsible for keeping us healthy.


You can follow these tips to keep your kidneys from functioning fine and keep you as healthy as possible at every stage of life.
Tip 1: Have an active lifestyle and exercise well
Make sure you include exercising, jogging, walking and stretching exercises as part of your lifestyle to help reduce blood pressure and eliminate chronic kidney diseases caused by it.
Tip …